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To help distinguish the cultivated from the native plants of Florida, look for this Native! notation!.

Online Guides:

Common Name list with images introduces many tree and shrub species that are indigenous to, or that have become naturalized in Florida; by Christopher Demers.

Online access to the classic standard handbook published in 1925, slightly revised, with original and other line drawings. Native!

I. Ecological Pests and/or Trees to be Regarded or Used with Caution

Casuarina equisetifolia
Tree and closeup image of inflorescence, University of Catania, Italy.

Alien Plants of Hawaii, UH Botany-Images of flowering and fruiting structures, leaves.

Brazilian Pepper-tree, Schinus terebinthifolius by David W. Hall, Vernon V. Vandiver, Brent A. Sellers, and Kenneth A. Langeland

Brazilian Pepper-tree in Landscape Maintenance
Old timers may know it as Florida Holly, which it isn't. Nevertheless, it is up to property owners to eradicate this noxious plant now.

Bucida buceras L. Common Name: BLACK OLIVE
An expensive arborist is required to properly maintain a Black Olive. Otherwise they become misshapen from bad pruning and wind damage. The tree is notorious for invasive roots, its quantity of fruits which drop and rot on the ground, and for unsightly orange stains left after pollen and leaf drop.

Ficus aurea : Strangler Fig by Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson
Not necesarily a pest, or invasive plant, strangler fig can nonetheless overtake a tree which may be the preferable species in a controlled landscape .

Indian Rosewood Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC
Planted frequently in new developments for its fast rate of growth, it becomes so large as to go over easily in high winds, requiring yearly pruning..

II. Large Trees Without Showy Flowers

Bursera simaruba: Gumbo-Limbo reprint Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson Highly desirable tree for South Florida, ornamental and low-maintenance Native!

Mahoganies: International Protection?- Congressional Report
Report by M. Lynne Corn, Specialist in Natural Resources Policy, Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division, October 20, 1994.Native!

West Indies Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni (L.)Jacq. Native!Threatened in Florida!

III. Large Trees With Showy Flowers

Chorisia speciosa Floss Silk (not silk floss) Tree
Chorisia speciosa St. Hil.(Bombacaceae) Area d'origine: Brasile, Argentina. Closeup image of flower.

ortochorisia1AB.JPG (18434 bytes)
Chorisia speciosa
"Floss Silk (not 'silk floss') Tree
Photographs by Pietro Pavone.

ortochorisia1A.JPG (13560 bytes)
Used by Permission of the
University of Catania Department of Botany

IV. Small Trees With Showy Flowers

Caesalpinia granadillo: Bridalveil Tree by Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson. This is acclaimed as a very beautiful white-flowering tree by all who have seen one.

Cordia sebestena: Geiger-Tree by Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson Native!

V. Small Trees Without Showy Flowers

Coccoloba diversifolia: Pigeon-Plum reprint Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson Native!

Conocarpus erectus var. sericeus: Silver Buttonwood reprint Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson; this plant is sometimes maintained as a hedge

VI. Cypress and Pine

Common Pines of Florida
Nancy P. Arny and D. Mitchell Flinchum. "Few people realize that there are seven species of native pines and three other commonly planted non-native species found in Florida." Fact Sheet on ten commonly encountered true pines.

Pinus elliottii: Slash Pine by Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson Native!

VII. Fruit Trees

Preparation for and Recovery from Hurricanes and Windstorms for Tropical Fruit Trees in the South Florida Home Landscape
Cooperative Extension paper by Jonathan H. Crane and Carlos F. Balerdi gives detailed information on how to prepare and maintain tropical and sub-tropical fruit trees to minimize storm damage, and how to care for trees after a storm

Pinneapple Guava- Flower
Feijoa sellowiana
"Pineapple Guava"

Photographs by Pietro Pavone.

Pineapple Guava- Fruit
Used by Permission of the
University of Catania Department of Botany

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